Makalu Base Camp Trek-20 days
Make a trek to the base camp of world's fifth highest mountain Makalu. Makalu is a close neighbor of Mt Everest, lying in the northeast region of Nepal. The Makalu Barun National Park, established in 1992, covers the Barun Valley which is part of a huge international protected area under an agreement between Nepal and China. The Park spreads just east to the Everest region, covering areas of the Solukhumbu and Sankhuwasabha districts of Nepal. One of the most popular trekking peaks of Nepal, the Mera Peak (6654m), also lies in the Makalu Barun region. A large variety of common as well as endangered flora and fauna are protected in the region including rhododendrons, orchids, Snow Leopard, Red Panda, Musk Deer, Wild Boar, Wild Yak, Himalayan Thar, and more than 420 varieties of bird species. Some believe the area also to be home to the elusive Himalayan giant, the Yeti.
The Makalu Base Camp Trek begins from Tumlingtar of mid-eastern Nepal, an hour's flight from Kathmandu. The real walking starts from Chichila, a 3-hour's drive from Tumlingtar. Following the beautiful Barun river valley in the Makalu Barun National Park, we cross various high passes such as Shipton La, Keke La and lakes such as Kalopokhari etc. While trekking, we rise from lowland of Tumlingtar on the Arun River to one of the highest Base Camps on earth, the Makalu Base Camp at 5000m. While on the way to the Makalu Base Camp, you will enjoy the views of the highest mountains such as Mt. Everest, Mt. Lhotse, Mt. Chamlang, Mt. Baruntse and other Himalayan mountains along with Makalu (8481m) itself.
Important Note :
Your safety is of paramount concern while traveling with Himalayan Glacier. Please note that your leader has the authority to amend or cancel any part of the itinerary if it is deemed necessary due to safety concerns. Every effort will be made to keep to the above itinerary; however, since this adventure entails travelling in remote mountainous regions, we cannot guarantee that we will not deviate from it. Weather conditions, health condition of a group member, unexpected natural disasters, etc., can all contribute to changes in the itinerary. The leader will try to ensure that the trip runs according to plan, but please be prepared to be flexible if required.
What Is Included
Himalayan Glacier Trekking has a philosophy with trip inclusions: - as much as possible is included so HGT customers know the total cost of the adventure trip up front.
- All domestic flight, hotel/airport transfer
- Deluxe Shanker Hotel or similar category hotel at Kathmandu
- All ground transportation by private vehicles
- All accommodations in tents and all meals during the treks no extra charge for single travelers
- Down jacket, 4 seasonal sleeping bag (down jacket and sleeping bag are to be returned after trip completion)
- Welcome & farewell dinner
- All porterages costs
- All cost for a Himalayan Glacier leader(First Aid and Eco trained English Speaking) and sherpa, a sherpa assistance leader(s) and assistance Trek leader help each individuals while on trek
- All necessary paper works and permits.
- Travel & Rescue arrangements
- Exclusive Medical Kit Bag
- Portable Altitudes Chamber (PAC) for safety measures.
- All government and local taxes if necessary.
- Himalayan Glacier Kit Bag
What Is Not Included
- Nepal Visa fee (bring accurate USD cash and two passport photographs)/ International airfare to & from home city/
- Excess baggage charges
- Lunch & evening meals in Kathmandu.
- Travel and rescue insurance
- Personal expenses e.g. phone calls, laundry, bar bills & extra porters
- Tips for guides and porters.
- Optional trips and sightseeing if extend
Accommodations are included in the trip cost and HG Trekking has chosen the best deluxe accommodation for 3 nights here in Kathmandu, and 22 nights comfortable two men camping tent, foam mattress, 4 season sleeping bag will be provided. We maintain standard comfort in every matter based on the enforceable conditions such as weather calamities. All hotel accommodations & tent is based on twin share, and will provide you single supplement if there is different sex; at no extra charge.
Toilet Facilities - On trek, toilet facilities are available near by your tent is an optimum distance in a toilet tent. After use of such facilities, wastes will be cover with necessary natural preservation.
Freshly cook Meals on full board basis will be provided by our experienced and trained cook during the trek with high level of balance diet, hygiene and safety. Three meals (Nepali, Sherpa, and Tibetan, Continental, Italian and Indian cousins) will be provided from the camp according HG Trekking's menu. Each day dinner and breakfast will be provided in the same camp you spend the night. Lunch camp will be fixed on a pleasant surrounding.
Day to Day Itinerary
Arrival KTM & Transfer to hotel - 1300m/4264ft
Upon your arrival in the Tribhuvan international airport, our representative will welcome you and will assist to transfer you in your hotel in Kathmandu. You may relax at your hotel or go around for shopping. In the evening Himalayan Glacier Trekking will organize welcome dinner for you in one of the typical Nepalese restaurant in the heart of Kathmandu meanwhile briefing about your adventurous trip will take place. Overnight at hotel.
Fly to Tumlingtar and drive to Chichila (1,840m/6035 ft): 9/10 hrs
A 50 minute flight from Kathmandu landing on a bumpy grass airstrip at Tumlingtar. From Tumlingtar, about 3 hours jeep drive on a bumpy road takes to the first camp at Chichila.
Trek to Num (1,500m/4920 ft): 6/7 hrs
A moderately paced walk through the picturesque villages and lush mountain forests. A ridge line with great views on both side and perched on the end is Num. Thunder and lightning make interesting displays in Num evenings.
Trek to Seduwa (1,540m/5051 ft): 6/7 hrs
A steep descent down through the forests and terraced plots of land takes to Arun Khola. Then winding ascends up the other side again. Often quite hot - the forest on the valley sides offer a bit of shade. Makalu National Park starts and we register our permits. Camping right at the top of the village.
Trek to Tashigaon (2,070m/6790 ft): 4/5 hrs
Ascend the ridge bounded by the Ipsuwa Khola on the west and Kasuwa Khola to the east. Crossing the hillside through quiet villages and passing by small paddy fields, we reach the village of Tashi Gaon.
Trek to Khongma (3,560m/11,676 ft): 6/7 hrs
Trek upwards towards Khongma. Khongma is the last stop before crossing the Shipton La and dropping down into the upper sections of the remote Barun Valley. The green forests are replaced by scrub and rhododendrons that cover the lower reaches of the mountains.
Rest & acclimatization day
Rest and acclimatization day allows our bodies to catch up with us before gaining more height. The following day we take on crossing of the Shipton La.
Cross Shipton La and trek to Debotay (3,650m/11,972 ft): 7/8 hrs
Climb towards the summit of the Shipton La which takes a few hours to reach. After the lake Kalo Pokhari, pass over the Keke La at 4,152m. Marvelous views of Chamlang 7,319m, Peak 6 (6,524m) and Peak 7 (6,758m). After crossing the Keke La pass, we descend down through the beautiful valley to Debotay. Climbing high and sleeping low gives the opportunity for acclimatization.
Trek to Yangle Kharka (3,600m/11,808 ft): 5/6 hrs
From Debotay, pass through the Rhododendron forest leads to the Baruni River and the upper reaches of the valley. A pleasant walk, gaining altitude slowly, until we arrive at Yangle Kharka situated at the base of the valley.
Trek to Merek (4,500m/14,760 ft):5/6 hrs
Today, we trek to Merek. Since we are gaining height beyond 4, 000 meters, be sure to allow your body the necessary time for acclimatization.
Trek to Shersong: 6/7 hrs
Now we climb up the valley, through yak pastures and boulder fields. On approaching Shersong the south east ridge of Mount Makalu comes into view. Campsite at Shersong.
Day tour to Makalu Base Camp (5,000m/16,400 ft): 5/6 hrs
Make sure that you acclimatize well before walking up to Makalu Base Camp. Enjoy the superb views of the Himalayan mountains throughout the day. Return back to Shersong.
Trek to Yangle Kharka: 8/9 hrs
Descend back down the valley and take our last glimpse of Makalu before turning the corner and eventually reaching Yangle Kharka.
Trek to Mumbuk: 6/7 hrs
Continuing with our descent through the rockfall. Then climb up the rock gully to Mumbuk. We will be again greeted by the greeneries below.
Trek to Khongma: 6/7 hrs
Initial steep climb from Mumbuk through a forest of firs and rhododendrons. Cross the Keke La, Shipton La and Ghungru La. Descend to Khogma again.
Trek to Tashigaon: 5/6 hrs
Today, we continually descend down to Tashigaon. The descent will be a long and steep one. Cutting across the hillside to eventually reach the Sherpa town of Tashi Gaon.
Trek to Num: 4/5 hrs
We are retracing the same path that we came by. We exit the Makalu Barun Camp. Descend down to Arun Khola and Seduwa again. Then another hike through the forest to Num. We follow our footsteps all the way back down to the river. Climb back up the opposite side of the valley to Num.
Trek to Chichila, Transfer to Tumlingtar: 9/10 hrs
Again we retrace our steps to Chichila. The final return leg of the trek will see us overnight at Tumlingtar, ready for an early departure to Kathmandu the following day. Transfer to Tumlingtar.
Fly back to Kathmandu
We complete the journey with a flight to Kathmandu. We will return to the welcome haven of the Hotel. Once back in Kathmandu, Himalayan Glacier will host an evening barbecue to celebrate the expedition and as a farewell party to thank the Sherpas for their support and friendship.
Today the journey comes to an end. There's nothing to do but trade emails with your new friends, organize all your photos and finally depart from Nepal. If departing, you'll be transferred to the International Airport for your departure flight to your onwards destination. Or get ready for the next adventure.
Health and Experience Requirements
Walking in this high land of Everest/Makalu Region usually require maximum 6-8 hours of walking everyday few day even more; walking to the high mountain is the challenging section of your adventure and need long hours of walking. You should be prepared max 14 Km of walking or jugging exercise everyday 3 months before your Makalu Base Camp Trek starts because you are walking on high altitude for long and short days. And also you must need a positive attitude and a strong determination; previous hiking experience preferred and technical experience preferred.
You must have lots of willpower, tolerance of harsh conditions and reasonable fitness, good health and physical condition are the basic measure of your success. It is vital that participants with pre-existing medical problems or conditions make these known to HG Trekking at the time of booking. Medical and evacuation expenses are the responsibility of the participant. It is also important that you consult your doctor for vaccination and other medical requirements for your trip. Himalayan Glacier reserves the right to require a medical certificate prior to booking your trip.
A Day on your Trek...
Your sherpa cook knock your door and says 'Good Morning' Bed Tea 'sir' at 6 am in the morning. After a while you will offer a basin of hot water to wash.
A variety of breakfast of many choices according your order, and you are off to trek for more then 3 hours through the forests, hills, mountain and local villages. You will stop at pleasant surroundings for hot lunch for an hour.
You will then walk 3 or more hours depends on the places and facilities for camping places, stop for the night camp, you will then offer tea or coffee some light snacks then explore the area or relax until dinner is served at the warm dining hall, and many choices of excellent food.
In the evening read or discuss among yourselves or with your crew about your spent days and next day(s). You will then encourage to sing or sang and they will show their traditional dances. Sometime you will spend playing cards and "Penny ante" card games are popular in Nepal, and the crew would love to teach you their 3 card poker-like game, among others.
Finally, go to bed which is two-men occupied room and foam mattress for a well deserved night's rest and you will also served with hot water rubber bag to keep you extra warm.
It is a condition upon joining any of Himalayan Glacier's trips that all clients be insured for comprehensive expenses that might incur due to medical issues or accidents (this includes air ambulance, helicopter rescue, and treatment costs). Please note that we don't arrange or sell insurance.For more information
Equipment and Packing List
While packing for Makalu Base Camp Trek certain equipments are essential.
Please Click here
for this trip's comprehensive checklist.
Trek to the Makalu Base Camp Trek itinerary is planned with a high degree of minimization of awareness of AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness). Going up too fast causes a medical condition serious enough to kill. The higher the altitude the less oxygen there is in the air. While walking up to the base camp of Makalu is the challenging section of your trek for two days and require days of acclimatization, hence your trek itinerary is gradually ascending getting up these heights where you expect 50% less oxygen at base camp than at sea level. Your body needs many days to adapt to this, so for a safe trek it absolutely essential to allow for sufficient time for acclimatization. Sensible planning is therefore required to minimize the risk of AMS.
We advise specially the guest(s) with known heart or lungs or blood diseases to consult their doctor before traveling. Mild headaches, fever, loss of appetite or stomach disorder are symptoms of AMS. Check out "Altitude illness" by Dr Jim Duff
HGT,s itineraries are designed to try to prevent AMS but it is important to remember, some people can be more susceptible than others.
Leader(s) and Staff Arrangements
Himalayan Glacier only employs and train Nepalese leaders and local staff. By employing and training local people they put something back into their communities. HGT currently train all their Guides in the following courses and your Makalu Base Camp Trek leader will be one of the fully train Trek Leader.
- Intensive Wilderness First Aid - KEEP (Kathmandu Environmental Educational Project)
- Trekking Guide Training - Nepal Government's Ministry of Tourism & Civil Aviation department of Hotel Management & Tourism Training Centre of Nepal.
- Eco Trekking Workshop & Adventure Meet - TAAN (Trekking Agents Association Of Nepal)
- English Language - KEEP
- Conservation & Biodiversity - KEEP
- Rock & Ice Climbing & Mountaineering (optional) - Nepal Mountaineering Association
Our Trek Leaders obviously speak the English language but consider this is not our mother language and this enables a HGT traveler to pick up and use a few of the local greetings and get first hand experience of the local culture. The guides and porters know the route direction like the back of their hand, they practice the local culture themselves and they are extremely passionate about their country and it shows.
Our operation is smooth as a safety concern; there will be one Leader, one assistance leader and one sherpa porter on each group of two. This ensure if in case one get sick, it would not disturb the itinerary, the trip still running as plan as in itinerary. And please understand that our group start from 2 and maximum it goes up to 10 which is good team to communicate and facilitate in every manner.
Porters Protection: Each trekker is allowed his/her gear bag weighted not exceeding 15kgs/33 pounds that Himalayan Glacier Trekking strongly stand on porters rights and solely against any exploitation on it's operation. And we are closely working with IPPG (International Porters Progress Group)
Responsible tourism practice: Trekking are gently in the Himalayas during the recent days, areas like Everest, Annapurna & Langtang. We therefore do our best to reduce minimal impact on each trip to the mountain and all Himalayan Glacier trips aim for 'zero footprint impact on the natural environment and the people who live off it's resources. We enforce a number of do's and don'ts for our customers and staff when out in the wilderness. Himalayan Glacier Trekking and Kathmandu Environmental Education Project (KEEP) had done some clean up campaign in the past and support its other environment awareness activities. read more...
Pre Trip Meeting
Prior to all our expeditions and treks, we host a Pre-Trip meeting here in Kathmandu on the 2nd day of your itinerary starts in the morning during the breakfast and introduced your trek Leader mean time and it will provide an opportunity for individuals to ask questions about the your trek and to introduce you to other team members.
Trip Start Dates
We will organize this trip on the dates requested by you. Please contact us for your customized departure date.
Trekking & Climbing Seasons
The best months are September, October & November during the Autumn season and after mid March, April & May during the spring season are consider as the best seasons for attempting Makalu Base Camp trek and base camp might be closed during the winter.
Our website contains as much information as possible about this trip. However, if you wish to discuss any aspect of this trip or your suitability for it please contact us by email
. If you want to talk to us directly feel free to call us at: US telephone:
704-200-7512 Asia telephone: