Get lost in the wild as you traverse through the exotic land of Nepal. Apart from the mysterious Himalayas, Nepal also flaunts exhilarating wildlife habitation that allures animal-lovers and naturalists worldwide. Believed to be the Amazon of Asia, Nepal is endowed with rich biodiversity and diverse landscape. Because of the variance in climate, from tropical to arctic, Nepal has a large variety of plants and animals. The steamy jungles in Terai plains are home to tigers, elephants, monkeys, rhinos, bears, deer, crocodiles, leopards, river dolphins and a staggering 867 species of birds. Whereas snow leopard, red panda, Himalayan-tahr (mountain goat), blue sheep, yaks are the wild inhabitants that are found in the high altitude in Himalayas. With biogeography this rich and diverse, Nepal has several national parks, sanctuaries and reserves brimming with wildlife that hold a significant place in preserving the endangered species such as one horn-rhinoceros and the last remaining Bengal tigers. Altogether ten national parks, three wildlife reserves and three conservation areas have been established in Nepal recognizing the magnitude of bio-diversity. Himalayan Glacier takes you to various wildlife sanctuaries making your acquaintance with the wild unforgettable.
Chitwan National Park:
The world-heritage listed Chitwan National Park is regarded as Nepal’s most popular national park, both for its abundance of animals and its accessibility to Kathmandu. Jungle safari and Elephant shower are the most sought after attraction of this park. Some of the animals which can be seen in here are tiger, one-horned rhinoceros, leopard, wild bear, crocodile and more.
Bardia National Park:
Bardia National Park is much more remote and also more pristine. Just getting around the parks is an adventure, usually involving a mix of elephant safaris, rafting, jungle walks and jeep trips. It is the place to see wild elephants, where you have a good chance of spotting them along the banks of the Karnali River. It provides excellent habitat for endangered animals like one horned rhinoceros, wild elephant, tiger, swamp deer, black buck and alligator to name few.
Sagarmatha National Park:
The park includes the highest peak in the world. Mt. Sagarmatha (Everest 8848 m.) and other known peaks such as Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Pumori, Ama Dablam. The wild animals most likely to be seen in the park are the Himalayan tahr (mountain goat), musk deer and Himalayan black bear. Other mammals that can be found are weasels, martens. Himalayan mouse hare (Pika), jackals and langur. The park is a retreat for at least 118 species of birds.
Langtang National Park:
The complex topography and geology together with the varied climatic patterns have enabled a wide spectrum of vegetation types in this park. These include small areas of subtropical forest (below 1000 m) Oaks, chisapine, maple, fir, blue pine, hemlock spruce and various species of rhododendron make up the main forest species. Above these alpine scrub and grass give way to rocks and snow.
Annapurna Conservation Area:
The conservation area is rich in flora and fauna having more than 1200 plants with around 40 orchids and 9 species of rhododendron – the national flower. You can spot several cascading waterfalls, mountains, natural flowers and rural settlements in this conservation area. Around 100 mammals including the rare snow leopard and blue sheep in the upper sub-alpine area, 478 species of birds such as the protected multi-coloured Impheyan, koklas and blood pheasants.
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