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The 10 Undisclosed Secrets of Tsum Valley


Trek to Tsum Valley to explore the hidden mysteries of ancient Himalayan civilization, culture, art, tradition, religion, customs and thinking along with majestic Himalayas.

The Tsum Valley is a sacred Himalayan pilgrimage valley situated in northern Gorkha district of Nepal. Factually “Tsum” means vivid. Against the majestic backdrop of the Ganesh Himal and Sringi Himal, and Boudha ranges, this tranquil Himalayan valley is rich in ancient art, culture and religion.

Tsum valley
Tsum valley

The Tsum Valley has long history of Buddhism. The Buddhist saint Milarewa is believed to be meditated in the caves of the mountains in the valley. Soaked with Buddhist culture, the valley upholds religious values and helps preserve a lost way of life.

Together with the majestic backdrops of the famous Ganesh Himal, Sringi Himal and Buddha Himal, this serene valley carries a history of ancient Himalayan civilization styles; culture, art, tradition, religion, customs and thinking.

Due to its remoteness and inaccessibility, this sacred valley and its people, Tsumbas, have been bypassed by mainstream development for centuries. As a result, the unique culture of this valley has remained intact.

The valley is uniquely rich in wildlife, especially the Himalayan Thar and Blue Sheep. The valley also boasts some historic monasteries, including Rachen Gumba and Mu Gumba.

Here are the 10 undisclosed secrets of Tsum Valley which needs to be experienced while enjoying Tsum Valley trek.

  1. The Tsum Valley is completely isolated from modern developments.
  2. The residents of Tsum valley are called Tsumbas. The most interesting fact is that many Tsumbas have claimed to have seen or encountered ‘Yeti’.
  3. The local people are mostly of Tibetan origin and speak unique dialect.
  4. Tsum Valley was a restricted area until it was opened for trekking in 2008.
  5. This land is so unexplored that many religious and archeological relics are still intact at many places in Tsum. The ancient remains of the Tsum Kingdom are still visible today.
  6. The Tsum Valley landscape is dotted with mani walls and chortens. Chortens are Buddhist religious monuments, also known as stupas, which are distinct features in Tsum Valley.
  7. People in Tsum Valley still practice polyandry system and they have unique culture, tradition and a dialect of their own.
  8. The valley is also a protected area where killing is not allowed, and wildlife remains abundant compared to other areas of Nepal.
  9. Daily life in the region is shaped by traditional skills and modern demands. The people of Tsum still have yak herds and carry on trade with Tibet.
  10. The allure of Tsum Valley is the unique blend of Nepal’s best offerings–big mountain views, numerous monasteries and nunneries, traditional culture, and friendly people.

Tsum Valley is well-preserved culturally and environmentally plus has breathtaking mountain views. The local inhabitants, Tsumbas, too have their own dialect and celebrate their own unique festival like Lhosar, Dhacyhang, Saka Dawa, Faning and others.

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Himalayan Glacier

Himalayan Glacier

A leading adventure & tour operator in the Himalayas since 1992. Our team of knowledgeable, experienced, and environmentally-conscious professionals are ready to serve you the best Himalayan Trekking and Tours, in exotic locales throughout the Himalayan regions of Bhutan, India, Nepal and Tibet.
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