Either you are heading for Kathmandu tour or want to have factual information before traveling for Nepal tour, it is necessary to know some important facts about Kathmandu Valley.
Kathmandu Valley consists of the three ancient cities – Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur, which were once independent states from the 12th to the 18th centuries. Kathmandu Valley house seven UNESCO World Heritage sites. The valley is also home to hundreds of other beautiful monuments, sculptures, artistic temples and magnificent arts.
- Kathmandu is the gateway to tourism in Nepal.
- Kathmandu is the capital and largest urban center of Nepal consisting of four more sister cities Patan, Kirtipur, Thimi and Bhaktapur.
- The city of Kathmandu is named after a structure in Basantapur Durbar Square called Kaasthamandap. Kaasthamandap is a unique temple, also known as Maru Satal, was built in 1596 CE.
- The ancient trade route between India and Tibet that passed through Kathmandu enabled a fusion of artistic and architectural traditions from other cultures to be merged with local art and architecture.
- Kathmandu Valley stands at an elevation of approximately 1,400 meters and the valley is surrounded by four major majestic mountains: Shivapuri, Phulchoki, Nagarjun and Chandragiri.
- Kathmandu valley was accorded the status of a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the year 1979.
- Kathmandu Valley lies at the crossroads of ancient civilizations of Asia, and has at least 130 significant monuments, including numerous pilgrimage sites for Hindus and Buddhists.
- Kathmandu Valley has a rich history, dating back to 2000 years ago, as inferred from inscriptions found in the valley. Religious and cultural festivities form a major part of the lives and cultures of people residing in the valley. Most of Kathmandu’s people follow Hinduism and many others follow Buddhism.
- The Newari community generally acknowledged to be the indigenous inhabitants of the valley. Newars are believed to be the descendants of the various ethnic and racial groups that have inhabited and ruled the valley in the two-millennium history of the valley.
- Kathmandu Valley may have been inhabited as early as 300 BCE, since the oldest known artifacts in the valley date to a few hundred years BCE.
- Kathmandu Valley is popular with tourists for its unique culture and architecture; including the highest number of Jatras in Nepal.
- Thamel is Kathmandu’s central hub for tourist packed with guest houses, restaurants, shops, and bookstores.
The above facts about Kathmandu Valley are the helpful resources for international travelers who desire to travel around historical, cultural, architectural, and religious avenues of the valley.